Books

The Cambridge Companion to the First Amendment and Religious Liberty
Co-edited with Owen Anderson
New York: Cambridge University Press, forthcoming 2019

The Pope's Republic: Liberties and Loyalties in Early America
Manuscript in Submission

Sovereign Jealousies: Religion, Citizenship, and the State
Manuscript in Progress


Journal Articles and Book Chapters

“The Problem of the Origins of American Religious Liberty”
Cambridge Companion to the First Amendment and Religious Liberty
Edited by Michael D. Breidenbach and Owen Anderson
New York: Cambridge University Press, forthcoming 2019

“The Future of Religious Liberty” (co-authored)
Cambridge Companion to the First Amendment and Religious Liberty
Edited by Michael D. Breidenbach and Owen Anderson
New York: Cambridge University Press, forthcoming 2019

“Maryland”
Disestablishment and Religious Dissent: Church-State Relations in the New American States, 1776-1833
Edited by Carl H. Esbeck and Jonathan Den Hartog
Columbus: University of Missouri Press, forthcoming 2019

“Jacques Maritain and Leo XIII on the Problem of Church-State Relations”
The Things that Matter: Essays Inspired by the Later Work of Jacques Maritain
Edited by Heidi M. Giebel
Washington, DC: Catholic University of America Press/American Maritain Association, 2018

Abstract
Jacques Maritain wrote in Man and the State (1951) that the “complete differentiation and full autonomy” of the temporal sphere found in the modern, secular age fulfilled the “very distinction between God’s and Caesar’s domains” found in the Gospel. Thomas Pink has argued that such a view is incompatible with what he calls the “Leonine model” of soul-body union articulated by Pope Leo XIII in Immortale Dei (1885). Pink’s claim that Maritain opposed Leonine teaching on Church-state relations, however, does not succeed for two reasons. Firstly, his conclusion overlooks critical qualifications in Man and the State that saves Maritain’s theory from advancing a strict separationist view of Church-state relations. Secondly, Pink ignores one of Maritain’s early works, Things that are not Caesar’s (1931), which reveals his full support of Leonine teaching in the tradition of St. Thomas Aquinas and St. Robert Bellarmine. Nevertheless, Pink’s critique of Maritain occasions important reflections on the relationship between principles and practicalities in the debates over Church and state. While Maritain’s view does not contradict what he and Leo XIII considered to be the immutable principles of Church-state relations, it remains to be seen whether Maritain’s practically attainable ideal is still, in fact, practically attainable.

“Conciliarism and the American Founding”
William and Mary Quarterly, 3rd ser., 73, no. 3 (2016): 467-500

Abstract
Conventional understandings of Catholicism, especially the claim that the pope held temporal power over all civil rulers, presented a signal challenge to early American Catholics' civil and religious liberty. Yet reform-minded Catholics in the North Atlantic world asserted their independence from the temporal powers of external authorities, including the pope. Catholics who participated in the American founding, such as Charles Carroll of Carrollton and John Carroll, drew from an intellectual tradition of conciliarism that was rooted in Catholic thought yet compatible with republicanism. The Carrolls' public support of the nation's foundational documents and their development of the American Catholic Church presented to the broader political and religious public a Catholic tradition that advocated not only a republican view of temporal independence but also a juridical, nonhierarchical understanding of church and state. Catholics of this sort were not a foil to American religious and political arrangements; instead, they fit their beliefs within the ideologies of the American founding and thereby answered Protestant charges that Catholics should be legally penalized. These conclusions offer compelling reasons to include the conciliarist tradition within the “multiple traditions approach” of American founding historiography.

"Aquinas on Tyranny, Resistance, and the End of Politics" (co-authored)
Perspectives on Political Science 44, no. 1 (2015): 10-17


© Michael D. Breidenbach 2017-2018